What does Gettysburg have to do with the Carolinas? Besides the fact that many southerns died there, and a North Carolina memorial now stands on the grounds, we visited the landmark during a recent trip to beautiful Pennsylvania.
My husband was scheduled to attend a conference just south of Harrisburg, so we crossed the Mason-Dixon a day early to explore the region. Our first stop: Gettysburg Battlefield, located just north of the Maryland-Pennsylvania border.
What I know about this battle is far less than I should--that it was fought between July 1-July 3, 1863, that it was a major offensive on northern soil, that pneumonia had taken Robert E. Lee's "right hand" just months earlier, and that by the end, many had died. But like Bentonville Battlefield, what I saw made me want to know more. I want to learn about the Tammany Regiment, about the High Water Mark, to figure out if having to defend their families and land with their lives showed them why southerners felt they had to do the same, even southerners like Stonewall Jackson, who, before the war, had hoped that cooler heads would prevail and the Union would be preserved.
I know, that surprised me as well.
We spent about an hour on the battlefield, reading plaques, climbing the spiral steps of the mammoth Pennsylvania Memorial, where we stood, higher than is comfortable for me, gazing over the grounds. We didn't know about the auto tour then. Instead, we headed to the Visitors Center, which closed ten minutes before our arrival. But we picked up a map at a kiosk in the event we could return on this visit.
The auto tour starts at the Visitors Center and has sixteen stops, based on the battle's progression. The first stop is McPherson Ridge, where the fighting began. The last stop is National Cemetery, the site of Lincoln's famous address, delivered on November 19, 1863. I'm told the light and sound "Cyclorama Experience" at the Visitors Center shouldn't be missed (tickets required). So that's on the list. In addition to that attraction, the Visitors Center offers a bookstore and tickets for various guided tours.
Like Bentonville, Gettysburg is an horror that should not be forgotten. Not to hold onto old wounds, but as Lincoln advised in his address, to learn from them so the future does not repeat itself, as--sadly--it so often does.
Lincoln's Gettysburg Address: (emphasis mine)
Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth, upon this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived, and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting-place for those who here gave their lives, that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate, we can not consecrate – we can not hallow – this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here.
It is for us, the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here, have, thus far, so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us – that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they here gave the last full measure of devotion – that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain – that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom – and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.